Beneath, you can access key publications: those by the ETO Consortium, all open access articles of the Routledge Handbook on Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations, as well as some other useful articles.
Spotlighting extraterritorial human rights obligations (ETOs) is an urgent and timely task. This contribution takes a philosophical perspective, starting from the assumptions: (i) That establishing a firmer normative basis of ETOs—a justificatory theory—could improve their standing in practice, too, and (ii) that this requires a systematic analysis of the grounds on which the persistent skepticism […]
Extraterritorial human rights obligations (ETOs) pose important questions as regards how responsibility for internationally wrongful acts ought to be attributed and distributed under international law, especially in cases where the obligations breached are shared by multiple actors. The responsibility of extraterritorial states for human rights violations may take on three forms. First, extraterritorial states may […]
Since 1945, states have made many commitments to respect and promote human rights. They have done so individually through ratification of human rights treaties and collectively through committing to international cooperation in this field. This chapter explores whether these commitments by states represent global legal obligations for human rights realisation. Through analysis of the definition […]
Human rights are declared to be universal, yet the responsibility for protecting these rights – and even responsibility for violating such standards – has been severely limited by territorial considerations. There are at least two reasons for this. The first is the longstanding principle in international law that while a state can always act lawfully […]
The Introduction to the Routledge Handbook on Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations (ETOs) notes the developments that have taken place in the ten years since the adoption of the Maastricht Principles on Extraterritorial Obligations in the Area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (Maastricht Principles) that have strongly challenged the territorial paradigm traditionally underpinning human rights […]
This brochure on the relevance of extraterritorial obligations in the context of eco-destruction and climate change was prepared by Greenpeace and the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), both members of the ETO Consortium. The brochure is available in English and in Spanish.