For Human Rights Beyond Borders

Human Rights have been locked up behind domestic bars to prevent their universal application to globalization and its much needed regulation. Extraterritorial obligations (ETOs) unlock human rights.

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In the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement countries agreed to “holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels”. The Agreement creates a framework for action, including a reporting mechanism and periodic global stocktaking. The agreement has near universal support from States and mentions human rights in its preamble – but it does not go beyond...

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During its 58th session, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) released a statement on Public debt, austerity measures and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The statement was prompted by the Committee frequently being faced with State parties unable to fulfil their obligations under the Covenant because of the “adoption of fiscal consolidation programmes, including structural adjustment programmes and austerity programmes, as a condition...

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During its recent 58th Session, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) made several clear recommendations to France, Sweden and the United Kingdom with regards to their extraterritorial obligations related to ESC rights. These recommendations touch upon a wide range of areas where ETOs apply, such as trade and investment agreements, States’ obligations within intergovernmental organizations, tax policies, international development cooperation, and the regulation of...

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